Kachin

Kachin comprises 12 different ethnic groups:

1. Kachin

2. Taron

Taron tribes are inhabited at the foot hill of the Mt. Khakaborazi, in the Himalaya mountain ranges. Ages ago Taron people of average 110 cm height were seen here. Unfortunately, today there remains only one genuine Taron-blood man and the tribe is almost vanishing. Village of Taphungdan has no genuine Taron anymore yet there live many Tarons married to other tribes, who grows taller and show no physical sign of Tarons.The people in this area practice shifting cultivation of paddy, wheat, beans, maize, millet, mustard and yams, and any extra produce is taken to market, together with medicinal herbs and tubers foraged in the jungle, in the district headquarters town of Putao. Trade in hides, antlers, bones and other parts of animals not listed as endangered flourishes across the Myanmar-China border.

3. Dalaung

4. Jinghpaw

The original name of the race known as Kachin is Jinghpaw. Jinghpaw is the racial name for the tribes known as the Hkahkus, Gauris, Lashis, Marus, Atsis and Nungs as well as for the Jinghpaw proper. Most of the Kachin inhabited in the Kachin State which has common boundaries with the People's Republic of China in the east and the north east and India on the west. It adjoins Sagaing Division on the west and Shan State on the south. It was inhabited by Kachin, Shan, Burmar, Chin and Naga. In 1983 its population was 933.800 and in 1996 it has 1.2 million, 57.8 per cent of the Kachin State's population are Buddhists, 36.4 are Christians and there are some Muslims and Hindus. Myanmar language is widely spoken and racial group languages such as Jainphaw . Rawan and Lisu are also spoken.

5. Guari

6. Hkahku

7. Duleng

8. Maru (Lawgore)

9. Rawang

A tribe of the Rawang people who live around the conjunction of Burma, India, and China. There are only about 20-30.000 Rawang. They have long been primarily hunters and gatherers, but nowadays, they also grow rice, serve as porters, and mine for gold and jade. The men mostly had a twig or thorn in the ear as ornament; the women sometimes a large silver ear-ring. The latter also were tattooed in green round the mouth.

10. Lashi (La Chid)

11. Atsi

12. Lisu

The Lisu people are an ethnic group who inhabit in Myanmar, China, Thailand, and the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. They are also known as Yawyin or, in a few places Yobin. However, this is a derogatory term meaning 'savage' used by the Kachin of the Lisu; and was used by the Chinese of the Kachin before them. The Lisu are believed to originate from eastern Tibet but some assumes they moved to eastern Tibet/northwestern Yunnan in the 18th century. Not long after that, in the early 19th century, Lisu peoples began moving southwards down the Salween River Valley into northern Myanmar and northern Thailand.

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